Out of order instruction execution

Implementing out-of-order execution processors

out of order instruction execution

Instruction window Wikipedia. Superscalar and, by extension, out-of-order execution is one solution that has been included on CPUs for a long time; it has been included on x86 designs since the beginning of the Pentium era. In these designs, the CPU maintains dependence information between instructions in the instruction stream and schedules work onto unused functional units when possible., Out-of-order execution works so long as the subsequent instructions don't depend on data from the prior instruction. In the example, the ADD and SUB instructions use different registers than does the MOV instruction so there is no dependency..

Out Of Order Execution webcourse.cs.technion.ac.il

Introduction to Out-of-Order Processors Superscalar 2. 4. Then the instruction is executed by the appropriate execution unit. 5. After the instruction is executed by the execution unit, it writes back to the register.[1] In out-of-order processor, the instructions are executed in an order of availability of operands The steps required for In-order processor are as follows: 1. The processor retrieves program instructions from its memory., 0 High-Performance Instruction Scheduling Circuits for Superscalar Out-of-Order Soft Processors Henry Wong, University of Toronto Vaughn Betz, University of Toronto Jonathan Rose, University of Toronto Soft processors have a role to play in simplifying FPGA application design as they can be deployed only when.

Out-of-order Execution (Dynamic Scheduling) Idea: Move the dependent instructions out of the way of independent ones Rest areas for dependent instructions: Reservation stations Monitor the source “values” of each instruction in the resting area When all source “values” of an instruction are available, “fire” (i.e. dispatch) the instruction Hi All, Our project is to optimize instruction scheduling in gcc, by detecting structural hazards. The algorithm employed requires no out-of-order executions by the processor.Question: Is there a command/mechanism to turn out-of-order execution off in Intel processor?Target Architecture: 686 processorWorking on: Intel Pentium Dual Core processorThanking You,Dhiraj.

• Instructions fetched and decoded into instruction reorder buffer in-order • Execution is out-of-order ( ! out-of-order completion) • Commit (write-back to architectural state, i.e., regfile & memory, is in-order Temporary storage needed to hold results before commit (shadow registers and store buffers) Fetch Decode Execute Reorder Pipelined and Out-of-Order Execution. A simple form of pipelined execution, which can be implemented without too much overhead and complexity, was present even on early high-performance computers; in this connection, by "early", I mean computers implemented with discrete transistors.

A computer program is a set of instructions to be executed and completed in order. However many a times, some instruction might depend on a previous instruction result or might have to wait if there needs to be access from main memory(e.g cache mi... • Instructions fetched and decoded into instruction reorder buffer in-order • Execution is out-of-order ( ! out-of-order completion) • Commit (write-back to architectural state, i.e., regfile & memory, is in-order Temporary storage needed to hold results before commit (shadow registers and store buffers) Fetch Decode Execute Reorder

An instruction window in computer architecture refers to the set of instructions which can execute out-of-order in a speculative processor. In particular, in a conventional design, the instruction window consists of all instructions which are in the re-order buffer (ROB). An instruction window in computer architecture refers to the set of instructions which can execute out-of-order in a speculative processor. In particular, in a conventional design, the instruction window consists of all instructions which are in the re-order buffer (ROB).

Out of order Requirements for “Out of order execution” 1.Need to link the instruction which is waiting for a value to the instruction which will produce it No longer communicate through registers 1.Need to hold instructions out of the way of the execution stream until they have all their operands 2.Instructions need to keep track on the 14/01/2016 · In computer engineering, out-of-order execution, is a paradigm used in most high-performance microprocessors to make use of instruction cycles that …

cause instructions to be re-ordered so that they appear to execute out of program order. This is called instruction e-orrdering . Write bu ers with read bypasses, overlapping writes, non-blocking reads, and optimizing compilers can lead to all forms of instruction re … 6 Computer Architecture 2013– Out-of-Order Execution Is superscalar good enough? • A superscalar processor can fetch, decode, execute, and retire, e.g., 2 instructions in parallel • But… Can execute only independent instructions in parallel • Whereas adjacent instructions are often dependent

Out Of Order Execution (Part 1) Updated by Franck Sala 2 Execution of instructions with variable execution time • The longest operation in the machine fixes the frequency • Break long instruction in many short operations –Implement a pipeline in EXE –Not possible for all the instructions –Execution time of certain instruction is variable (load with cache miss…) –More pipe stages Out-of-order execution did not allow any significant improvement! October 24, 2005 . 6.823 L12-7 How many Instructions can Arvind be in the pipeline Which features of an ISA limit the number of instructions in the pipeline? Number of Registers Which features of a program limit the number of instructions in the pipeline? Control transfers Out-of-order dispatch by itself does not provide any

Out of order Requirements for “Out of order execution” 1.Need to link the instruction which is waiting for a value to the instruction which will produce it No longer communicate through registers 1.Need to hold instructions out of the way of the execution stream until they have all their operands 2.Instructions need to keep track on the CSE240A: Neha Chachra and Bryan S. Kim Feb. 11, 2010 1 Implementing out-of-order execution processors IBM 360/91 High performance substrate

Out of order Requirements for “Out of order execution” 1.Need to link the instruction which is waiting for a value to the instruction which will produce it No longer communicate through registers 1.Need to hold instructions out of the way of the execution stream until they have all their operands 2.Instructions need to keep track on the So, in our example, the execution units will be processing, at the same time, the first, the second, the third, the fourth, the seventh and the tenth instructions. The name out-of-order comes from

TL:DR: memory ordering is not the same thing as out of order execution. It happens even on in-order pipelined CPUs. In-order commit makes the current core's own code see itself as running in-order. (And allows precise exceptions that can roll-back to exactly the instruction that faulted, without any instructions after that having already retired). In addition, usually out-of-order execution takes care to avoid changing the semantics/behavior of the instructions. In contrast, a branch delay slot does change the behavior of the instructions (because it affects whether the instruction after the branch is executed or not).

In-order vs. Out-of-order Execution In-order instruction execution • instructions are fetched, executed & committed in compiler-generated order • if one instruction stalls, all instructions behind it stall • instructions are statically scheduled by the hardware • scheduled in compiler-generated order • how many of the next n instructions can be issued, where n is the superscalar 14/01/2016 · In computer engineering, out-of-order execution, is a paradigm used in most high-performance microprocessors to make use of instruction cycles that …

14/01/2016 · In computer engineering, out-of-order execution, is a paradigm used in most high-performance microprocessors to make use of instruction cycles that … L'exécution dans le désordre (« out of order execution » en anglais) consiste à réorganiser l'ordre dans lequel les instructions vont s'exécuter dans le processeur. Ces instructions ne sont alors pas forcément exécutées dans l'ordre dans lequel elles apparaissent dans le programme [1].

Out-of-order execution works so long as the subsequent instructions don't depend on data from the prior instruction. In the example, the ADD and SUB instructions use different registers than does the MOV instruction so there is no dependency. L'exГ©cution dans le dГ©sordre (В« out of order execution В» en anglais) consiste Г  rГ©organiser l'ordre dans lequel les instructions vont s'exГ©cuter dans le processeur. Ces instructions ne sont alors pas forcГ©ment exГ©cutГ©es dans l'ordre dans lequel elles apparaissent dans le programme [1].

Out-of-order execution YouTube

out of order instruction execution

OOO instructions may not execute in the original. cause instructions to be re-ordered so that they appear to execute out of program order. This is called instruction e-orrdering . Write bu ers with read bypasses, overlapping writes, non-blocking reads, and optimizing compilers can lead to all forms of instruction re …, Out of order Requirements for “Out of order execution” 1.Need to link the instruction which is waiting for a value to the instruction which will produce it No longer communicate through registers 1.Need to hold instructions out of the way of the execution stream until they have all their operands 2.Instructions need to keep track on the.

Branch Prediction Speculative Execution

out of order instruction execution

Computer Architecture Out-of-order Execution. out-of-order loads, out-of-order loads and stores, and out-of-order loads and stores with a LWB. The design with the LWB shows up to 303% speedup in IPC. 1 Introduction As the gap between memory and processor increases, many modern superscalar processors use out-of-order program execution to hide memory access latencies. Out-of-order Instruction Execution Can Cause Problems Because A Later Instruction May Depend On The Results From An Earlier Instruction. This Situation Is Known As A Or A A. Risk, Reliance B. Hazard, Reliance C. Risk, Dependency D. Hazard, Dependency 30. Some Systems Provide A Small Amount Of Dedicated Memory Built Into The CPU That Maintains A This problem has been solved! See the ….

out of order instruction execution

  • How does the out of order execution work in
  • Instruction execution definition of instruction

  • Sometimes, it is possible to feed instructions to all the execution units if we take the instructions out of their original order. Out of order execution (OOOE) is when a processor is capable of executing instructions out of their original order, in an attempt to do more … Hi All, Our project is to optimize instruction scheduling in gcc, by detecting structural hazards. The algorithm employed requires no out-of-order executions by the processor.Question: Is there a command/mechanism to turn out-of-order execution off in Intel processor?Target Architecture: 686 processorWorking on: Intel Pentium Dual Core processorThanking You,Dhiraj.

    Lecture 5: Out-of-order Execution Review of the Model The following diagram roughly represents the general model you should have in your mind of the main components of the computer: Instruction Scheduling Before we talk about out-of-order execution, let's remember how execution proceeds in our standard pipeline. Instructions are fetched Out of order Requirements for “Out of order execution” 1.Need to link the instruction which is waiting for a value to the instruction which will produce it No longer communicate through registers 1.Need to hold instructions out of the way of the execution stream until they have all their operands 2.Instructions need to keep track on the

    CSE240A: Neha Chachra and Bryan S. Kim Feb. 11, 2010 1 Implementing out-of-order execution processors IBM 360/91 High performance substrate 01/04/2012В В· Out-of-order execution (OoOE) is an approach to processing that allows instructions for high-performance microprocessors to begin execution as soon as their operands are ready.

    6 Computer Architecture 2013– Out-of-Order Execution Is superscalar good enough? • A superscalar processor can fetch, decode, execute, and retire, e.g., 2 instructions in parallel • But… Can execute only independent instructions in parallel • Whereas adjacent instructions are often dependent in-order, although they may complete execution out-of-order. About three years later, the IBM 360/91 (1966) introduced Tomasulo's algorithm, supporting full out-of-order execution. In 1990, IBM introduced the first out-of-order microprocessor, the POWER1, although out-of-order execution was limited to floating point instructions only. Basic

    CSE240A: Neha Chachra and Bryan S. Kim Feb. 11, 2010 1 Implementing out-of-order execution processors IBM 360/91 High performance substrate A computer program is a set of instructions to be executed and completed in order. However many a times, some instruction might depend on a previous instruction result or might have to wait if there needs to be access from main memory(e.g cache mi...

    On the one hand, Wikipedia writes about the steps of the out-of-order execution: Instruction fetch. Instruction dispatch to an instruction queue (also called instruction buffer or reservation US5983334A - Superscalar microprocessor for out-of-order and concurrently executing at least two RISC instructions translating from in-order CISC instructions - Google Patents

    out of order instruction execution

    Pipelined and Out-of-Order Execution. A simple form of pipelined execution, which can be implemented without too much overhead and complexity, was present even on early high-performance computers; in this connection, by "early", I mean computers implemented with discrete transistors. Lecture Notes: Out-of-Order Processors Rajeev Balasubramonian October 13, 2007 Most modern high-performance processors today employ out-of-order execution. These notes cover the design of a microarchitecture style that is most commonly used (MIPS R10k, Alpha 21264, Pentium4, etc.). 1 Temporary Storage in ROB

    cpu Out-of-order instruction execution is commit order

    out of order instruction execution

    Out Of Order Execution webcourse.cs.technion.ac.il. In-order execution machines: – Assume no instruction issued after branch can write-back before branch resolves – Kill all instructions in pipeline behind mispredicted branch Out-of-order execution? –Multiple instructions following branch in program order can complete before branch resolves October 26, 2005, This is what I understand In pipelining, each instruction is split up into a sequence of steps so that these different steps can be executed in parallel. In short, the basic instruction cycle is broken up into a series called a pipeline For a 5.

    CS 152 Computer Architecture and Engineering Lecture 13

    Out of Order Load Store Execution Georgia Tech - YouTube. • OOO execution is a type of processing where the instructions can begin execution as soon as operands are ready • Instructions are issued in order however execution proceeds out of order • Evolution . CDC 6600 . IBM 360/91 Tomasulo's algorithm . IBM/Motorola PowerPC 601 . Fujitsu/HAL SPARC64, Intel Pentium Pro . MIPS R10000, AMD K5, L'exécution dans le désordre (« out of order execution » en anglais) consiste à réorganiser l'ordre dans lequel les instructions vont s'exécuter dans le processeur. Ces instructions ne sont alors pas forcément exécutées dans l'ordre dans lequel elles apparaissent dans le programme [1]..

    TL:DR: memory ordering is not the same thing as out of order execution. It happens even on in-order pipelined CPUs. In-order commit makes the current core's own code see itself as running in-order. (And allows precise exceptions that can roll-back to exactly the instruction that faulted, without any instructions after that having already retired). 6 Computer Architecture 2013– Out-of-Order Execution Is superscalar good enough? • A superscalar processor can fetch, decode, execute, and retire, e.g., 2 instructions in parallel • But… Can execute only independent instructions in parallel • Whereas adjacent instructions are often dependent

    6 Computer Architecture 2013– Out-of-Order Execution Is superscalar good enough? • A superscalar processor can fetch, decode, execute, and retire, e.g., 2 instructions in parallel • But… Can execute only independent instructions in parallel • Whereas adjacent instructions are often dependent Out-of-order processors breaks up the processing of instructions into these steps: Instruction fetch. Instruction dispatch to an instruction queue (also called instruction buffer or reservation stations). The instruction waits in the queue until its input operands are available. The instruction is then allowed to leave the queue before earlier

    On the one hand, Wikipedia writes about the steps of the out-of-order execution: Instruction fetch. Instruction dispatch to an instruction queue (also called instruction buffer or reservation Superscalar and, by extension, out-of-order execution is one solution that has been included on CPUs for a long time; it has been included on x86 designs since the beginning of the Pentium era. In these designs, the CPU maintains dependence information between instructions in the instruction stream and schedules work onto unused functional units when possible.

    A microprocessor for improving out-of-order superscalar execution unit utilization with a relatively small in-order instruction retirement buffer. A plurality of execution units each calculate an instruction result. The instruction is either an excepting type instruction or a non-excepting type instruction. The excepting type instruction is capable of causing the microprocessor to take an in-order, although they may complete execution out-of-order. About three years later, the IBM 360/91 (1966) introduced Tomasulo's algorithm, supporting full out-of-order execution. In 1990, IBM introduced the first out-of-order microprocessor, the POWER1, although out-of-order execution was limited to floating point instructions only. Basic

    Out Of Order Execution (Part 1) Updated by Franck Sala 2 Execution of instructions with variable execution time • The longest operation in the machine fixes the frequency • Break long instruction in many short operations –Implement a pipeline in EXE –Not possible for all the instructions –Execution time of certain instruction is variable (load with cache miss…) –More pipe stages in-order, although they may complete execution out-of-order. About three years later, the IBM 360/91 (1966) introduced Tomasulo's algorithm, supporting full out-of-order execution. In 1990, IBM introduced the first out-of-order microprocessor, the POWER1, although out-of-order execution was limited to floating point instructions only. Basic

    In-order execution machines: – Assume no instruction issued after branch can write-back before branch resolves – Kill all instructions in pipeline behind mispredicted branch Out-of-order execution? –Multiple instructions following branch in program order can complete before branch resolves October 26, 2005 L'exécution dans le désordre (« out of order execution » en anglais) consiste à réorganiser l'ordre dans lequel les instructions vont s'exécuter dans le processeur. Ces instructions ne sont alors pas forcément exécutées dans l'ordre dans lequel elles apparaissent dans le programme [1].

    4. Then the instruction is executed by the appropriate execution unit. 5. After the instruction is executed by the execution unit, it writes back to the register.[1] In out-of-order processor, the instructions are executed in an order of availability of operands The steps required for In-order processor are as follows: 1. The processor retrieves program instructions from its memory. Lecture Notes: Out-of-Order Processors Rajeev Balasubramonian October 13, 2007 Most modern high-performance processors today employ out-of-order execution. These notes cover the design of a microarchitecture style that is most commonly used (MIPS R10k, Alpha 21264, Pentium4, etc.). 1 Temporary Storage in ROB

    Out of order Requirements for “Out of order execution” 1.Need to link the instruction which is waiting for a value to the instruction which will produce it No longer communicate through registers 1.Need to hold instructions out of the way of the execution stream until they have all their operands 2.Instructions need to keep track on the An instruction window in computer architecture refers to the set of instructions which can execute out-of-order in a speculative processor. In particular, in a conventional design, the instruction window consists of all instructions which are in the re-order buffer (ROB).

    • OOO execution is a type of processing where the instructions can begin execution as soon as operands are ready • Instructions are issued in order however execution proceeds out of order • Evolution . CDC 6600 . IBM 360/91 Tomasulo's algorithm . IBM/Motorola PowerPC 601 . Fujitsu/HAL SPARC64, Intel Pentium Pro . MIPS R10000, AMD K5 cause instructions to be re-ordered so that they appear to execute out of program order. This is called instruction e-orrdering . Write bu ers with read bypasses, overlapping writes, non-blocking reads, and optimizing compilers can lead to all forms of instruction re …

    Out of order Requirements for “Out of order execution” 1.Need to link the instruction which is waiting for a value to the instruction which will produce it No longer communicate through registers 1.Need to hold instructions out of the way of the execution stream until they have all their operands 2.Instructions need to keep track on the Out-of-order execution works so long as the subsequent instructions don't depend on data from the prior instruction. In the example, the ADD and SUB instructions use different registers than does the MOV instruction so there is no dependency.

    On the one hand, Wikipedia writes about the steps of the out-of-order execution: Instruction fetch. Instruction dispatch to an instruction queue (also called instruction buffer or reservation Out Of Order Execution (Part 1) Updated by Franck Sala 2 Execution of instructions with variable execution time • The longest operation in the machine fixes the frequency • Break long instruction in many short operations –Implement a pipeline in EXE –Not possible for all the instructions –Execution time of certain instruction is variable (load with cache miss…) –More pipe stages

    This is what I understand In pipelining, each instruction is split up into a sequence of steps so that these different steps can be executed in parallel. In short, the basic instruction cycle is broken up into a series called a pipeline For a 5 So, in our example, the execution units will be processing, at the same time, the first, the second, the third, the fourth, the seventh and the tenth instructions. The name out-of-order comes from

    Define instruction execution. instruction execution synonyms, instruction execution pronunciation, instruction execution translation, English dictionary definition of instruction execution. Noun 1. instruction execution - the process of carrying out an instruction by a computer execution physical process, process - a sustained phenomenon or one... Instruction execution - definition of TL:DR: memory ordering is not the same thing as out of order execution. It happens even on in-order pipelined CPUs. In-order commit makes the current core's own code see itself as running in-order. (And allows precise exceptions that can roll-back to exactly the instruction that faulted, without any instructions after that having already retired).

    OOO instructions may not execute in the original. This processor supports out-of-order execution of most non-dependent instructions in many situations. When an instruction stalls because it is waiting for the result of a preceding instruction, the core can continue executing subsequent instructions that do not need to wait for the unmet dependencies., In-order vs. Out-of-order Execution In-order instruction execution • instructions are fetched, executed & committed in compiler-generated order • if one instruction stalls, all instructions behind it stall • instructions are statically scheduled by the hardware • scheduled in compiler-generated order • how many of the next n instructions can be issued, where n is the superscalar.

    Computer Architecture Out-of-order Execution

    out of order instruction execution

    OOO instructions may not execute in the original. 25/10/2012 · On the original code out-of-order execution gave a 2.4 times speedup, or 1.26 times if you’re using hyperthreads. On the modified code – where every instruction depends on the previous instruction – out-of-order execution of course gives no speedup at all., In addition, usually out-of-order execution takes care to avoid changing the semantics/behavior of the instructions. In contrast, a branch delay slot does change the behavior of the instructions (because it affects whether the instruction after the branch is executed or not)..

    In-order vs. Out-of-order Execution. in-order, although they may complete execution out-of-order. About three years later, the IBM 360/91 (1966) introduced Tomasulo's algorithm, supporting full out-of-order execution. In 1990, IBM introduced the first out-of-order microprocessor, the POWER1, although out-of-order execution was limited to floating point instructions only. Basic, In-order execution machines: – Assume no instruction issued after branch can write-back before branch resolves – Kill all instructions in pipeline behind mispredicted branch Out-of-order execution? –Multiple instructions following branch in program order can complete before branch resolves October 26, 2005.

    Can Out-of-Order Instruction Execution in Multiprocessors

    out of order instruction execution

    Introduction to Out-of-Order Processors Superscalar 2. 23/02/2015 · Out of Order Load Store Execution - Georgia Tech - HPCA: Part 3 Udacity. Loading... Unsubscribe from Udacity? Cancel Unsubscribe. Working... In-order execution machines: – Assume no instruction issued after branch can write-back before branch resolves – Kill all instructions in pipeline behind mispredicted branch Out-of-order execution? –Multiple instructions following branch in program order can complete before branch resolves October 26, 2005.

    out of order instruction execution


    Lecture Notes: Out-of-Order Processors Rajeev Balasubramonian October 13, 2007 Most modern high-performance processors today employ out-of-order execution. These notes cover the design of a microarchitecture style that is most commonly used (MIPS R10k, Alpha 21264, Pentium4, etc.). 1 Temporary Storage in ROB Out Of Order Execution (Part 1) Updated by Franck Sala. 2 Execution of instructions with variable execution time • The longest operation in the machine fixes the frequency • Break long instruction in many short operations – Implement a pipeline in EXE – Not possible for all the instructions – Execution time of certain instruction is variable (load with cache miss…) – More pipe

    Hi All, Our project is to optimize instruction scheduling in gcc, by detecting structural hazards. The algorithm employed requires no out-of-order executions by the processor.Question: Is there a command/mechanism to turn out-of-order execution off in Intel processor?Target Architecture: 686 processorWorking on: Intel Pentium Dual Core processorThanking You,Dhiraj. Out-of-order Instruction Execution Can Cause Problems Because A Later Instruction May Depend On The Results From An Earlier Instruction. This Situation Is Known As A Or A A. Risk, Reliance B. Hazard, Reliance C. Risk, Dependency D. Hazard, Dependency 30. Some Systems Provide A Small Amount Of Dedicated Memory Built Into The CPU That Maintains A This problem has been solved! See the …

    in-order, although they may complete execution out-of-order. About three years later, the IBM 360/91 (1966) introduced Tomasulo's algorithm, supporting full out-of-order execution. In 1990, IBM introduced the first out-of-order microprocessor, the POWER1, although out-of-order execution was limited to floating point instructions only. Basic In-order vs. Out-of-order Execution In-order instruction execution • instructions are fetched, executed & committed in compiler-generated order • if one instruction stalls, all instructions behind it stall • instructions are statically scheduled by the hardware • scheduled in compiler-generated order • how many of the next n instructions can be issued, where n is the superscalar

    This is what I understand In pipelining, each instruction is split up into a sequence of steps so that these different steps can be executed in parallel. In short, the basic instruction cycle is broken up into a series called a pipeline For a 5 An instruction window in computer architecture refers to the set of instructions which can execute out-of-order in a speculative processor. In particular, in a conventional design, the instruction window consists of all instructions which are in the re-order buffer (ROB).

    01/04/2012В В· Out-of-order execution (OoOE) is an approach to processing that allows instructions for high-performance microprocessors to begin execution as soon as their operands are ready. Out-of-order processors breaks up the processing of instructions into these steps: Instruction fetch. Instruction dispatch to an instruction queue (also called instruction buffer or reservation stations). The instruction waits in the queue until its input operands are available. The instruction is then allowed to leave the queue before earlier

    Out-of-order execution did not allow any significant improvement! October 24, 2005 . 6.823 L12-7 How many Instructions can Arvind be in the pipeline Which features of an ISA limit the number of instructions in the pipeline? Number of Registers Which features of a program limit the number of instructions in the pipeline? Control transfers Out-of-order dispatch by itself does not provide any A computer program is a set of instructions to be executed and completed in order. However many a times, some instruction might depend on a previous instruction result or might have to wait if there needs to be access from main memory(e.g cache mi...

    Out-of-order Instruction Execution Can Cause Problems Because A Later Instruction May Depend On The Results From An Earlier Instruction. This Situation Is Known As A Or A A. Risk, Reliance B. Hazard, Reliance C. Risk, Dependency D. Hazard, Dependency 30. Some Systems Provide A Small Amount Of Dedicated Memory Built Into The CPU That Maintains A This problem has been solved! See the … Lecture Notes: Out-of-Order Processors Rajeev Balasubramonian October 13, 2007 Most modern high-performance processors today employ out-of-order execution. These notes cover the design of a microarchitecture style that is most commonly used (MIPS R10k, Alpha 21264, Pentium4, etc.). 1 Temporary Storage in ROB